Alert for Mali
MNLA rebels ends ceasefire with Malian government - 30 November 2013:
The Tuareg rebel group, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), announced it has ended a five-month ceasefire with Malian government. The move comes after Malian troops clashed with Tuareg protesters in the northern town of Kidal, which the MNLA said "is a declaration of war".
AQIM claim responsibility for killing of French journalists - 7 November 2013:
The Algerian-based militant group al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has claimed responsibility for the murder of two French journalists in northern Mali. In a statement the group said that the killing of Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon was in retaliation for "crimes perpetrated by France and its UN, Malian and African allies".
Rebel groups agree to unite - 5 November 2013:
Three main rebel groups in northern Mali have agreed to merge, providing a united front in peace talks with the central government. The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), the High Council for the Unity of Azawad (HCUA) and the Arab Movement of Azawad (MAA) said that the agreement with take effect in 45 days.
French journalists executed in Mali - 3 November 2013:
Two French journalists have been executed near the northern town of Kidal, shortly after interviewing a local Tuareg rebel. Claude Verlon and Ghislain Dupont were seized by a group of gunmen after they left the house of MNLA official Ambeiry Ag Rhissa. Their bodies were later found on a desert track some 12km east of Kidal.
UN peacekeepers killed in suicide blast - 23 October 2013:
Two UN peacekeepers have been killed and six others wounded in a suicide bomb attack in northern Mali. The victims, both from Chad, died when a militant drove a vehicle packed with explosives into a security checkpoint outside the town of Tessalit. Local reports suggest that two civilians were also killed in the blast.
Suspected Islamists blow up Gao bridges - 8 October 2013:
Suspected Islamist rebels have blown up two bridges in the northern city of Gao, a day after mortar rounds were fired into the city, wounding at least seven people. Last week members of the Tuareg rebel group, the MNLA, attacked the town of Kidal after withdawing from peace talks with the Malian government.
Army clashes with Tuareg rebels in Kidal - 30 September 2013:
The Malian army have clashed with suspected Tuareg militants in the northern town of Kidal. The fighting erupted when gunmen opened fire on soldiers guarding a bank in the town, and comes a day after four suicide bombers killed two civilians in the city of Timbuktu.
Tuareg rebels suspend peace talks - 27 September 2013:
Tuareg separatists in Mali have suspended peace talks with government, accusing them of failing to stick to commitment agreed in a peace treaty in June. Mossa Ag Acharatoumane, founding member of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), said "everything that they promised us in the accord has not been respected". Peace talks were scheduled to begin by late November.
Government troops clash with Tuareg rebels - 12 September 2013:
Malian government troops have clashed with Tuareg rebels near the western town of Lere, close to the Mauritanian border. Three soldiers were wounded in the incident, which is the first outbreak of fighting between the two sides signed a peace agreement in June.
Bamako hit by deadly flooding - 30 August 2013:
At least 24 people have been killed after heavy rain caused flash flooding in the Malian capital Bamako. Thousands of people have been displaced by the flooding and more than 100 houses on the banks of the river Niger have been destroyed.
Militants merge to create new jihadist group in the Maghreb - 23 August 2013:
The AQIM splinter group Masked Men Brigade, led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar, has merged with the Mali-based Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO). In a joint statement to a Mauritanian newspaper the new group said that they had "decided to unite in a single movement called the 'Mourabitounes' to achieve the unity of Muslims, from the Nile to the Atlantic". Belmokhtar is accused of masterminding January's siege at an Algerian gas plant, during which dozens of hostages were killed.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita wins presidential election - 13 August 2013:
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita has been announced as the winner of Mali's presidential election after his rival, Soumalia Cisse, admitted defeat. The concession was made a day before the official results were expected, and is likely to lead to £2.7 billion of aid being released to the country.
Mali presidential elections head to second round - 2 August 2013:
Mali's presidential elections will head to a second round on 11 August after no candidate secured an outright majority. According to provisional results former prime minister Ibrahim Boubacar Keita received 39.24% of the vote, ahead of Somaila Cisse with 19.44%.
No violence reported during presidential elections - 29 July 2013:
Mali's first presidential elections since last year's coup and northern rebellion have taken place without incident. International observers praised the high-turnout and organisation of the elections, which are expected to see ex-Prime Minister Ibrahim Boubakar Keita elected as president.
State of emergency lifted ahead of presidential elections - 7 July 2013:
Mali has lifted a state of emergency in the country ahead of presidential elections which are to be held at the end of July. The decision comes after the Malian army returned to the town of Kidal, which has been held by Tuareg rebels since February.
Malian army clashes with Tuareg rebels outside Kidal - 5 June 2013:
The Malian army has been involved in heavy fighting with Tuareg rebels from the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) near the town of Kidal. It is the first reported clash between the army and the MNLA since the French-led military intervention in January. Yesterday a suicide bomb attack took place in the Aliou neighborhood of Kidal, although no casualties were reported.
Thousands join anti-France protest in Gao - 31 May 2013:
Thousands of people have gathered in the northern city of Gao to protest against alleged French bias towards ethnic Tuaregs. The demonstrators accused the French government of supporting the continuing Tuareg occupation of the regional capital Kidal.
French troop wounded in Kidal - 29 May 2013:
A French soldier has been shot and wounded while on military patrol in the city of Kidal. Abda Kazina, the deputy mayor of the city, said an unidentified gunman opened fire on the patrol before fleeing the scene.
Suicide bomb attacks target Malian troops - 10 May 2013:
Islamists have carried out three suicide bomb attacks in northern Mali, wounding one soldier and leaving five militants dead. The attacks took place in Menaka and Gossi, close to the town of Gao.
Two Malian soldiers killed in suicide bomb attack - 4 May 2013:
Two Malian soldiers and four others wounded have been killed in a suicide bomb attack near the northern city of Gao. The blast occured at an army checkpoint outside the village of Amakouladji.
French soldier killed by roadside bomb in north - 30 April 2013:
A French soldier has been killed and two others wounded by a roadside bomb in northern Mali. The blast occurred on a road between Boughessa and Zaouaten during operations aimed at securing the area from Islamist rebels.
Chad announces troop withdrawal - 15 April 2013:
Chad's President Idriss Deby has announced that his countries troops will withdraw from the ongoing military operations in Mali. Mr Deby, who made the announcement shortly after three Chadian soldiers died in a suicide attack in Mali, said the troops were not equipped to fight a "shadowy, guerrilla-style war".
Chadian soldiers killed in suicide bombing - 12 April 2013:
Two Chadian soldiers have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the northern city of Kidal. The incident comes as France begins a phased withdrawal of its 4,000 troops from Mali.
Deadly clashes between Mali army and rebels in Timbuktu - 1 April 2013:
The Malian army and rebel fighters have been involved in a series of clashes in the northern city of Timbuktu, leaving at least three rebels dead. The unrest began when a suicide bomber attempted to attack an army checkpoint in the city; however, he was killed before he could detonate the device.
Islamist rebels launch Gao offensive - 24 March 2013:
At least seven people have been killed in clashes between government troops and Islamist rebels in the northern town of Gao. The Movement for the Oneness of Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) rebels launched the attack on the town on Sunday, before being repelled by the army. MUJAO controlled Gao for 10 months before the French-led offensive in late January.
Suicide bomb kills Malian troop in Timbuktu - 21 March 2013:
A Malian soldier has been killed in a suicide car bomb attack in the northern city of Timbuktu. The blast occurred at a military checkpoint near the city's airport.
French hostage killed by AQIM - 20 March 2013:
A French hostage has been killed by members of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), according to a spokesman for the group. In a statement they said Philippe Verdon, who was abducted in the town of Hombori in northern Mali back in 2011, was killed "in response to France's intervention in northern Mali".
Media strike after editor arrested - 12 March 2013:
Mali's media have gone on strike over the arrest of the Republican newspaper's Editor-in-Chief Boukary Daou. Mr Daou was taken away by members of Mali's intelligence service after his newspaper published an open letter which challenged the salary of the country's coup leader. Captain Amadou Haya Sanogo, who seized power last year, currently receives a salary of $8,000 a month.
French soldier killed in northern Mali - 04 March 2013:
A third French soldier has been killed in northern Mali following fierce fighting with Islamist rebels. France's defence ministry said Corporal Cedric Charenton was shot dead during operations in the Adrar des Ifoghas mountains near Algeria.
Car bomb kills seven in Kidal - 27 February 2013:
At least seven people have been killed after a car bomb exploded at a checkpoint in the northern town of Kidal. The attack appeared to have targeted the Islamic Movement of Azawad group, who are fighting alongside French and Malian troops against Islamic extremists.
Rebel fighters launch attacks on Gao - 11 February 2013:
Rebel fighters in Mali have carried out a series of surprise guerrilla attacks in the northern city of Gao. Members of the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) used canoes to cross the Niger River and sneak into the city before opening fire on Malian troops. The rebel fighters had been driven out of the city two weeks ago by French and Malian troops.
Suicide bomb attack reported in Gao - 08 February 2013:
A suicide bomber has attacked a military checkpoint in the northern city of Gao, wounding at least one soldier. On Wednesday four Malian soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a landmine in the city.
French troops capture Kidal - 31 January 2013:
Malian troops have captured the town of Kidal, the last rebel stronghold in northern Mali. Yesterday troops seized control of the airport with little resistance from the militants. The capture follows similar operations in Timbuktu and Gao, and is expected to be followed by a large deployment of African ground forces in the north.
Army advance on Timbuktu - 27 January 2013:
French and Malian troops have reached Timbuktu as the joint operations against rebel groups continue. On Saturday the army seized the key city of Gao, forcing the militants to retreat further north.
French jets target rebel positions in north - 20 January 2013:
French jets have carried out multiple strikes on rebel positions in northern Mali, while ground troops have advanced to the key central town of Diabaly. Islamist fighters fled the town on Friday following French air strikes.
French ground troops prepare for operations - 16 January 2013:
French troops are set to begin ground operations against the Islamist rebels in the north of the country. A convoy of around 30 armoured vehicles left the capital Bamako for the northern town of Diabaly. Additonal African troops are due to arrive on Thursday to support the offensive.
French warplanes target Gao in eastern Mali - 13 January 2013:
French warplanes have bombed targets in the town of Gao in eastern Mali. The French military began operations in the country on Friday, and are tasked at fighting back the islamist groups in the north.
Islamists clash with government troops - 08 January 2013:
Malian soldiers have clashed with Islamist militants outside of the central town of Mopti, raising fears of a renewed conflict in the country. Last month Ansar Dine, one of the main northern rebel groups, announced it was ending a ceasefire with the government.
Prime Minister Diarra forced to resign - 11 December 2012:
Mali's prime minister has resigned on state television after being arrested by soldiers at his official residency. Cheik Mobido Diarra was arrested on the orders of Capt Amadou Sanogo, the leader of a military coup in March. The UN has condemned the forced resignation and threatened to impose sanctions against the country.
French national kidnapped in south-west Mali - 21 November 2012:
A French national has been kidnapped in south-west Mali, close to the border with Mauritania. The 61-year-old man was abducted by unknown gunmen in the town of Nioro, and becomes the seventh French citizen to have been kidnapped in the country.
Islamists clash with Tuareg rebels in restive north - 17 November 2012:
Mujao Islamists have clashed with Tuareg rebels in the restive north of the country. The al-Qaeda linked MUJWA and Tuareg-led MNLA rebel group exchanged fire near Mali's border with Niger and Burkina Faso.
ECOWAS agrees to deploy troops to Mali - 11 November 2012:
ECOWAS have agreed to deploy 3,300 soldiers to Mali in order to retake the north of the country from Islamist militants. The troops will largely be provided by Nigeria, Niger and Burkina Faso and will be deployed after the UN Security Council approves the plan at the end of November or early December.
Security Council adopts Mali resolution - 13 October 2012:
The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution which creates a road map for military intervention in Mali. Mali's government and the regional body Ecowas have requested an international forces of around 3,000 to intervene and retake the north of the country, which was captured by Islamist rebels in March.
Malian army kill 16 at Segou checkpoint - 09 September 2012:
The Malian army has shot dead 16 people after their vehicle failed to stop at a checkpoint in the central Segou region. The group, made up of Islamic preachers, appear to have been mistaken for Islamist fighters by the soldiers.
Algerian diplomat killed by Malian rebels - 03 September 2012:
An Algerian diplomat has been executed by an Islamic militants group in northern Mali. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (Mujao) said that it killed Tahar Touati after Algeria failed to release three of its members. Mr Touati was abducted along with six other diplomats in April.
Mali forms new unity government - 21 August 2012:
A new government has been formed in Mali under the leadership of Cheick Mobido Diarra, who remains the country's prime minister. The announcement is intended to restore some stability to the country following a military coup in March.
Islamists seize Gao from Tuareg rebels - 28 June 2012:
Islamic militants have seized the northern town of Gao from Tuareg rebels , leaving at least 20 people dead. They two rebels groups took control of large parts of northern Mali in March, and for a brief period agreed to setup a joint Islamic state before splitting over the implementation of Sharia law.
Rebel groups open fire on protesters - 26 June 2012:
Malian rebels have opened fire on protesters in the northern town of Gao, killing at least two people. The unrest was caused by the killing of Idrissa Oumarou, a local government official who was shot dead on Monday.
Rebel groups clash in town of Kidal - 09 June 2012:
The two rebel groups currently occupying northern Mali have clashed following protests in the town of Kidal. The fighting between the MNLA Tuareg rebels and members of Ansar Dine is the first serious conflict between the two groups since they declared independence for the north in early April.
Rebels split over sharia law - 29 May 2012:
MNLA Tuareg rebels and the Islamist group Ansar Dine have cancelled their agreement to unite due to a dispute over sharia law. The MNLA want a moderate form of Sharia imposed in a northern separatist state, whilst the al-Qaeda linked Ansar Dine would prefer a more hard line version. The split come only days after the group announced plans to create the Islamic state of Azawad.
Tuareg rebels agree to setup Islamist state - 27 May 2012:
The Tuareg rebels group MNLA and the Islamist group Ansar Dine have agreed to unite and form the Islamic state of Azawad. The groups took advantage of a military coup in the country and seized control over large parts of northern Mali.
Interim president beaten unconscious - 22 May 2012:
Mali's interim president, Dioncounda Traore, has been attacked and beaten unconscious by protesters at the presidential compound. The demonstrators were angry that Mr Traore's mandate has been extended by another year after he agreed a deal with coup lead Capt Amadou Sanogo.
Junta hold Bamako following clashes - 01 May 2012:
The military junta remains in control of the capital Bamako following an attempted counter-coup. Heavy gun fire was reported across several sites in the city as militants attempted seize control from the the ruling military leaders.
Swiss woman kidnapped in northern Mali - 16 April 2012:
A Swiss woman has been kidnapped from northern city of Timbuktu by a group of armed gunmen. No group has yet taken responsibility for the attack, however both AQIM militants and Tuareg rebels are currently believed to be active in northern Mali.
Tuareg rebels seize Timbuktu - 01 April 2012:
Tuareg rebels claim to have seized control over the ancient city of Timbuktu following a raid on the region. The leader of the recent army coup said that troops had been dispatched to obtain a ceasefire with the rebels.
Rebel troops stage coup in Mali - 22 March 2012:
Renegade soldiers have appeared on state television to announce that they have seized control of the country. The rebel troops carried out a mutiny on Wednesday before attacking the presidential palace in Bamako.
Military base in northern Mali captured by Tuareg rebels - 11 March 2012:
A military base in northern Mali has been captured by a group of Tuareg rebel fighters. The base, located near the town of Tessalit, was abandoned by the Malian army in "a strategic retreat", according to a Lieutenant.
Tuareg rebels capture northern town of Niafunke - 02 February 2012:
Tuareg rebels have captured the remote northern town of Niafunke, the sixth such attack to be carried in recent weeks. The National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (NMLA) have been active since October last year and are seeking self-determination for the north of Mali.
Army clashes with Tuareg rebels in Menaka - 18 January 2012:
The Malian army has clashed with Tuareg rebels in the northern town of Menaka in the Gao region of Mali. Several militants and one soldier are reported to have been killed in the fighting.
French citizens kidnapped in Hombori - 24 November 2011:
Two French citizens have been kidnapped by unknown gunmen from a hotel in the central town of Hombori. Islamic militants based in neighbouring Algeria have previously carried out similar attacks in the north of the country.
Al-Qaeda base attacked in joint military operation - 26 June 2011:
Security forces from Mali and Mauritania have carried out a joint operation against an al-Qaeda base, killing at least 17 militants. Two soldiers are also reported to have been killed in the operation, which took place in the Wagadou Forest in western Mali.